About the Authors

Marcos Cueto received his Ph.D. from the Department of History at Columbia University and was a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in the Science, Technology and Society Program at MIT.  He received the Henry Schuman Prize in 1987.  In 1993-94 he was Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.  He is author of several articles and books on the history of science and medicine in Latin America of the 19th and 20th centuries.  Currently he is a researcher as the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos and a professor at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in Lima, Peru.

Gloria T. Emeagwali is Professor of History and African Studies at Central Connecticut State University. She served as a Visiting Scholar at St. Antony's College, Oxford University (1990-91), after teaching for ten years in three Nigerian universities. She has authored and edited 7 books and over 55 articles, many of which are related to African science and technology. She is the recipient of a UNESCO award for her Web site on African Science and Technology. A book in honor of her contribution to the history of African science and technology was published in 2007.

Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra is the Alice Drysdale Sheffield Professor of History at the University of Texas. He has held several prestigious fellowships at Brown, Princeton, Harvard, the Huntington, and U.Texas. His "New World, New Stars: Patriotic Astrology and the Invention of Indian and Creole Bodies, 1600-1650" (AHR, February, 1999) won the 1999-2001 best article award from the Forum in the History of the Human Sciences of the History of Science Society. His How to Write the History of the New World: Histories, Epistemologies, and Identities in the Eighteenth-century Atlantic World (Stanford University Press, 2001) won two book awards from the American Historical Association in 2001 (The Atlantic History and the John Edwin Fagg Prizes). It was cited in 2001 in TLS, the Independent (London), and the Economist among the best books of the year. His recent Puritan Conquistadors (Stanford, 2006) received the 2007 Honorable Mention of the biannual Murdo MacLeod Book Prize of The Latin American and Caribbean Section of the Southern Historical Association. He is also the author of Nature Empire and Nation (Stanford 2006) and The Atlantic in Global History (coedited with Erik Seeman) Prentice Hall, 2006).

Walter E. Grunden is an Associate Professor of History at Bowling Green State University in Ohio. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1998, and the M.A. from the Ohio State University in 1990. He is the author of Secret Weapons & World War II: Japan in the Shadow of Big Science (University Press of Kansas, 2005), as well as articles focusing on nuclear weapons history. He has been awarded research grants from the Social Science Research Council, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, the Association for Asian Studies Northeast Asia Council, the U.S. Department of Education, and the Center for Japanese Studies at the University of Michigan. He was a visiting scholar in residence at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in 2001-2002.

Constance Hilliard received a BA, MA and Ph.D. from Harvard University in the areas of African History and Semitic Historiography. She has served as a Visiting Professor at Wellesley College and a Visiting Scholar at Harvard’s Center for Middle Eastern Studies. She is currently as Assistant Professor at the University of North Texas, where she specializes in African History.

Bill Johnson is Science Librarian at Texas Tech University. He contributed extensively to the Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures (Garland Publishing, 1997).

Clara Sue Kidwell is Director of the American Indian Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  She received her BA, M.A., and Ph.D. (History of Science) from the University of Oklahoma in 1970.  She has held positions at the Kansas City Art Institute, Haskell Indian Junior College at Lawrence, Kansas, the University of Minnesota, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Oklahoma.  From 1993 to 1995, she was Associate Director of Cultural Resources at the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.  Her scholarship has dealt with Indian women as cultural mediators, higher education issues in Native American communities, and the history of the Choctaw Indians in the southeast in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.  Her latest book is The Choctaws in Oklahoma: From Tribe to Nation, 1855-1970 (Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.

Takashi Nishiyama is assistant professor in the Department of History at the State University of New York at Brockport. He completed his Ph. D from the Ohio State University, and has been a Visiting Researcher in the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology at Tokyo University and a postdoctoral researcher at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Among his publications in Japanese and English is "War, Peace, and Non-Weapons Technology: The Japanese National Railways and Products of Defeat, 1880s-1950s," in Technology and Culture, 48 (2) (April 2007): 286-302. His current research focuses on the historical relationship of technology to war and peace in Japan during the twentieth century.

Sumiko Otsubo completed her Ph.D. at Ohio State University.  She has been a postdoctoral fellow at the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies, Harvard University.  Currently she is Associate Professor in the Department of History, Metropolitan State University in St. Paul, Minnesota.  Her publications include "Between Two Worlds: Yamanouchi Shigeo and Eugenics in Early Twentieth Century Japan,” Annals of Science, 62 (2) (April 2005): 205-231, and "Engendering Eugenics: Feminists and Marriage Restriction Legislation in the 1920s," in Barbara Molony and Kathleen S. Uno, (eds.), Gendering Modern Japanese History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005), pp. 225-258.

Philip F. Rehbock earned his B.A. in Economics at Stanford University in 1965. He received his Ph.D. in History of Science from Johns Hopkins University in 1975 and taught subsequently at the University of Hawaii. His principal research focus was the history of natural history in 19th-century Britain, with special emphasis on the development of marine biology, ecology and biogeography. His first book, The Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early 19th-Century British Biology, addressed the role of idealist or "transcendental" philosophies in these sciences. In addition, he edited numerous volumes, including At Sea with the Scientifics: The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matkin (1987); Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond (2002); and, in collabotation with Roy MacLeod, Nature in its Greatest Extent: Western Science in the Pacific (1988) and Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific (1995).

William C. Summers is Professor at Yale University where he teaches both science and history of medicine and science. He has published articles on microbiology, biochemistry and genetics, as well as on history of microbiology and on history of medicine in China. He earned the BS, MS, M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Wisconsin between 1961 and 1967. After a year of post-doctoral study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he joined the Yale faculty in 1968.

David Turnbull teaches at Deakin University in Geelong, Australia, where he has developed numerous educational materials on sociology of science, technoscience and aboriginal knowledge (especially maps and Micronesian navigation). His 1989 book, Maps Are Territories; Science is an Atlas (reprinted by Univ. of Chicago Press, 1993), reflects his enduring concerns for and expertise in maps, representations of knowledge and their use in social and political contexts. He is also co-author of Life Among the Scientists: An Anthropological Study of an Australian Scientific Community (1989). His current research/activity focuses on indigenous and local knowledge and the interaction of knowledge traditions, mapping and rights/power for indigenous peoples.

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