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Vol. 41, No. 3, July 2012
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News From the Profession

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How History of Science and Technology Can Forge Marketing Careers
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Writing Outside the Academic Box
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Photo 51—A Recent Addition to History-of-Science-Inspired Theatre
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CRS Examines STEM Funding at NSF
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OSTP Issues Progress Report on Public Access to Scholarly Publications
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Recent Developments in Big History
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Blogging, Tweeting, and Other Digital Activities

CHF Fellows Announcement

The Chemical Heritage Foundation is pleased to announce the appointments of the Beckman Center Fellows for the academic year 2012–2013, the 25th anniversary of the fellowship program at CHF. CHF will welcome one Distinguished Fellow, 8 long-term fellows and 8 short-term fellows. Below are the fellows, their affiliations, and the title of their research topics. Applications for 2013–2014 Long- and Short-Term Fellowships will be available in early fall at www.chemheritage.org/BeckmanCenter.

Cain Distinguished Fellow
(4 months in residence)
  1. Jan Golinski (University of New Hampshire)
Long-Term Postdoctoral Fellows
(9-months in residence unless otherwise specified)
  1. Laura Ann Kalba (Smith College), Edelstein Fellow: "Color in the Age of Impressionism: Technology, Commerce, and Art"
  2. Benjamin Gross (CHF), Cain Fellow: "The Engineer's Toolkit: Passive Components and the American Electronics Industry"
  3. Mat Savelli (McMaster University, Canada), Haas Fellow: "A Comparative History of Psychopharmaceutical Print Advertising"
  4. Adelheid Voskuhl (Harvard University), Doan Fellow (5 months): "Engineering as Institution: Technical and Technocratic Elites in Germany and the US, 1870 to 1935"
Long-Term Dissertation Fellows
(9 months in residence)
  1. Ian Beamish (Johns Hopkins University), Haas Fellow: "Saving the South: Printing Agricultural Improvement in the American South, 1820–1865"
  2. Deanna Day (University of Pennsylvania), Price Fellow: "98.6: Fevers, Fertility, and the Patient Labor of American Medicine"
  3. Joel Klein (Indiana University), Edelstein Fellow: "Chymistry, Corpuscular Medicine, and Controversy: The Ideas and Influence of Daniel Sennert (1572–1637)"
  4. David Singerman (MIT), Haas Fellow: "An Empire of Purity: Making the Modern Sugar Market, 1875–1925"
Short-Term Fellows
  1. Andrew Butrica (Independent Scholar), Doan Fellow (2 months): "Jean-Baptiste Dumas: Promoter of Chemical Industry"
  2. Ari Gross (University of Toronto, Canada), Allington Fellow (3 months): "Structure and Spatiality: Chemical Diagrams and Models and the Birth of Stereochemistry"
  3. Lijing Jiang (Arizona State University), Allington Fellow (2 months): "Degeneration in Miniature: History of Cell Death and Aging Research in the Twentieth Century"
  4. Victoria Lee (Princeton University), Ullyot Scholar (3 months): "Synthetic Fermentation and Applied Biology in Japan, 1910–1960"
  5. Max Liboiron (New York University), Allington Fellow (2 months): "Transforming Pollution: Ocean Plastics and Body Burdens"
  6. Catherine Price (Freelance Journalist), Société de Chimie Industrielle Fellow (3 months): "Fortified: The Secret Science of Food"
  7. Ann Robinson (University of Massachusetts, Amherst), Herdegen Fellow (1 month): "Creating a Symbol of Science: The Standard Periodic Table of the Elements"
  8. Ellan Spero (MIT), Allington Fellow (3 months): "Production and Place, Textile Science and Education in a Technological Landscape"

2013 DHST Prize for Young Scholars

The International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science, Division of History of Science and Technology (IUHPS/DHST) invites submissions for the third DHST Prize for Young Scholars, to be presented in 2013. Initiated at the 22nd International Congress of History of Science in 2005 held in Beijing, the DHST Prize is awarded by the IUHPS/DHST every four years to up to five young historians of science and technology for outstanding doctoral dissertations, completed within the last four years. The 2013 DHST Prize will not specify distinct categories, but the entries must be on the history of science or technology in any part of the world. The Award Committee will endeavor to maintain the broadest coverage of subjects, areas, and chronology. Each prize consists of a certificate, assistance with travel and accommodation expenditures to the IUHPS/DHST Congress in Manchester in July 2013 and a waiver of the registration fee. The Award Committee comprises the DHST President, Vice-Presidents, Secretary General, and distinguished specialists in specific fields.

Applicants must have a doctoral degree in the history of science, or technology awarded no earlier than July 2008. Any dissertation in a language other than English must be accompanied by a detailed summary in English of no more than 20 pages. Application procedure: Along with an electronic version (preferably MS Word) of original dissertations (and English summaries for non-English language papers), applications must be made in the Application Form and received at the Award Committee Office no later than 31 August 2012.

To receive the application form, please contact youngscholars@ihns.ac.cn;
Institute for History of Natural Science,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
55 Zhong Guan Cun East Road,
Beijing 100190, CHINA

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the first global convention on public health. Comprehensive tobacco control had been the subject of 20 resolutions—consensus statements of all the member states—passed by the World Health Assembly beginning in 1970. This was 20 years after Sir Richard Doll and Sir Austin Bradford Hill suggested a link between smoking and cancer. The idea of a legally binding international convention, proposed by the late Dr. Ruth Roemer and supported by a report from Dr. Judith Mackay, was given priority by the new WHO Director-General Dr. Gro Brundtland in 1998 when she elevated tobacco control as one of WHO's three flagship programs and created the Tobacco Free Initiative. The idea took wing with the publication of a review of tobacco company strategies to undermine tobacco control activities at WHO, which drew on 13 million documents released by the US courts to the public in 1998. This Witness Seminar, held in Geneva on the fifth anniversary of the WHO FCTC in 2010, heard from key individuals actively involved with the treaty negotiations, held between 2000 and 2003, and which came into force on 27 February 2005.

Participants include: Dr. Najeeb Al-Shorbaji, Dr. Mary Assunta, Dr. Douglas Bettcher, Dr. Sanjoy Bhattacharya (co-moderator), Mr. Neil Collishaw, Dr. Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva, Mr. Rob Cunningham, Dr. Martina Pötschke-Langer, Dr. Judith Mackay, Dr. Faith McLellan (co-moderator), Ms Kathy Mulvey, Dr. Haik Nikogosian, Dr. Ahmed Ezra Ogwell, Professor Tilli Tansey and the introduction is by Professor Virginia Berridge.
Further Information: http://www.history.qmul.ac.uk/research/modbiomed/
wellcome_witnesses/vol43/index.html

The University of Chicago Press Announces New Journals Division Director

After a nationwide search, the University of Chicago Press has announced that Michael Magoulias is the new Director of the Journals Division (the University of Chicago Press publishes Isis and Osiris). A 22-year publishing veteran, Magoulias was most recently Publishing Director for The Lancet journal portfolio. He began oversight of the Journals Division in late April.

"Michael has exactly the skills and experience we need to maintain the highest standard of quality in our journals roster, and to increase the reach and impact of the vital scholarship we publish," said Garrett Kiely, Director of the University of Chicago Press. "The ground is constantly shifting in the world of journals publishing, and Michael is the kind of proven leader and innovator we were looking for to carry the division forward."

Before his work at The Lancet, Magoulias was Vice-President for Sales and Business Development at Elsevier's FDC Reports division. His career also includes positions at Gale/Cengage, where he was a series editor for electronic editions of Shakespeare, Chadwyck-Healey in the U.K., and Britannica.com. He holds bachelor's and master's degrees in history from Oxford University.

"I am honored to be part of an organization with such a rich history of publishing the finest scholarship," Magoulias said. "I look forward to working with the staff at the Press to continue to disseminate important and impactful scholarship all over the world."

Journals publishing at the University of Chicago Press began with the founding of the Press in 1891 and its first scholarly periodical, the Journal of Political Economy. The division quickly expanded to publish several journals that were the first publications to serve their respective fields, including the American Journal of Sociology. Today, the Press publishes 54 respected journals and annuals, including recent additions such as The China Journal, American Political Thought, and the Journal of Law and Courts.

Magoulias succeeds Everett Conner, who worked at the Press for 26 years and had led the Journals Division since 2008, before stepping down earlier this year.

Voyage to the Islands: Hans Sloane, Slavery and Scientific Travel in the Caribbean

This exhibition (through August 2012) uses the collections of the John Carter Brown Library to explore the relationship between early modern scientific knowledge, the Atlantic slave trade and the African diaspora in the Caribbean islands. While historians have long stressed the importance of travel in the making of early modern natural history, the relation between the natural sciences and European interactions with Africans through the slave trade has only recently received attention. Examining the intersection of science and slavery allows us to see how Africans in diaspora both contributed to European sciences and maintained their own knowledge traditions in opposition to them.

Further Information: http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/sloane/index.html
http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/images/sloane.pdf

Jean Jacques Rousseau as Botanist Exhibit Opening in Geneva, Switzerland

An open air, bilingual French-English exhibit on Jean Jacques Rousseau as botanist opened 25 May 2012 at the Conservatory and Botanical Garden of Geneva, Switzerland. It runs until 14 October 2012.

The exhibition is guest-curated by Alexandra Cook of the Department of Philosophy, University of Hong Kong. This is one of many exhibits and events associated with the tercentenary of the birth of Jean-Jacques Rousseau in Geneva 1712. Further Information: http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/rousseau_intro_en.php

The Launch of the New Website for the University of Minnesota's Academic Health Center Oral History Project

The University of Minnesota's Academic Health Center (AHC) Oral History Project preserves the personal stories of key individuals who were involved with the formation of the university's AHC, served in leadership roles, or have specific insights into the institution's history. By bringing together a representative group of figures in the history of the University of Minnesota's AHC, this project provides compelling documentation of recent developments in the history of American health care education, practice, and policy.

From the website you can access the transcripts of thirty-five oral history interviews with current and former faculty members, alumni, and staff of the University's Medical School, School of Nursing, School of Public Health, College of Dentistry, College of Pharmacy, College of Veterinary Medicine, and University Hospitals and Clinics. Additional transcripts will be added as more interviews are completed. From the website, you can also access descriptive and timeline information for the University's AHC and its constituent schools, as well as resources for using oral history in your own research and teaching. Visit the website at http://blog.lib.umn.edu/ahc-ohp/ahc-oral-history-project/.

NSF Releases Data on Proposal Reviews

In an annual report to the National Science Board released in May 2012, the National Science Foundation (NSF) provided data and other information relative to its merit review process for FY 2011.

In that fiscal year, NSF received a total of 51,562 proposals. This is a decrease of about seven percent from the number of proposals received in FY 2010, but an increase of over 61 percent from the number received in FY 2001. The Foundation made 11,192 awards in 2011, resulting in a 22% funding rate. The average funding rate varies by NSF directorate and there is an even greater variation of funding rate by program.

In FY 2011, the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences directorate received 5,112 proposals, up from 4,619 in FY 2004. It made 998 awards for a funding rate of around 20 percent. The number of awards decreased significantly from FY 2010 and FY 2009 when stimulus funding provided additional dollars to make 1,257 awards in FY 2010 and 1,337 awards in FY 2009.

The Education and Human Resources directorate received 4,660 proposals in FY 2011 comparable to the 4,644 in FY 2004. The awards totaled 807 in FY 2011 and 925 in FY 2004. Funding rates were 17 percent in FY 2011 and 20 percent in FY 2004.

According to the report, NSF exceeded its "time to decision" goal of informing at least 70% of Principal Investigators (PIs) of funding decisions within six months of receipt of their proposals. In FY 2011 78% of all proposals were processed within six months.

The report also notes that NSF externally reviewed proposals by three methods: panel only, mail plus panel, and mail only. In FY 2011, 62 percent were reviewed by panel only, 28 percent by mail plus panel, and seven percent by mail only. These percentages have remained fairly constant over the last several years. In addition, about three percent of proposals are not reviewed externally (these include, for example, proposals for travel, symposia, Early Concept Grants for Exploratory Research, and Grants for Rapid Response Research).

The average NSF grant was $159,000 in FY 2001; up from $136,000 in FY 2003, but a five percent drop from FY 2010. In SBE, the average grant climbed from $89,000 in FY 2003 to $113,000 in FY 2011.

For more data on NSF's grant making go to: http://www.nsf.gov/nsb/publications/2012/nsb1228.pdf.

(Reprinted with Permission by the Consortium of Social Sciences Associations)

David Grinspoon Named the First Chair in Astrobiology at John W. Kluge Center, at the U.S. Library of Congress

Librarian of Congress James H. Billington has named David H. Grinspoon the first Baruch S. Blumberg NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology in the John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress. The chair is a joint project between the NASA Astrobiology Institute and the Kluge Center. Grinspoon is the curator of astrobiology in the Department of Space Sciences at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science. He is a well-known researcher in planetary science and the author of Lonely Planets: The Natural Philosophy of Alien Life.

Astrobiology is the study of the origins, evolution, distribution and future of life in the universe. It addresses three fundamental questions: How did life begin and evolve? Is there life elsewhere? What is the future of life on Earth and beyond? As the chair, Grinspoon will conduct research at the intersection of the science of astrobiology and its humanistic aspects, particularly its societal implications.

This new chair at the Kluge Center is the result of collaboration between NASA and the Library of Congress and is named for Baruch "Barry" Blumberg, the late Kluge Center Scholars Council member, Nobel Laureate and founding director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute. Librarian of Congress James H. Billington said, "It brings me great pleasure to bring to fruition Barry Blumberg's vision of two great institutions working together to explore the societal implications of this emerging new interdisciplinary field of study and to make use of the Library of Congress' unique multidisciplinary collections."

NASA Astrobiology Institute Director Carl Pilcher said, "Grinspoon will conduct a very exciting investigation of how the insights and scientific culture of astrobiology can inform the choices facing humanity in the coming decades. His background as an astrobiology researcher, writer and communicator of science makes him an ideal choice to begin what we hope will become a great tradition of astrobiology chairs at the Library."

While at the Kluge Center, from November 2012 through November 2013, Grinspoon will examine choices facing humanity as we enter the Anthropocene Era, the epoch when human activities are becoming a defining characteristic of the physical nature and functioning of Earth. His research will include studies of the role of planetary exploration in fostering scientific and public understanding of climate change and the power of astrobiology as a model of interdisciplinary research and communication.

Blumberg was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovery of the Hepatitis B virus and development of a vaccine to prevent Hepatitis B infection. He served as NASA Astrobiology Institute director from 1999 to 2002. He was elected president of the American Philosophical Society in 2005. At the Library of Congress, Blumberg was a founding member of the Scholars Council, distinguished scholars who advise the Librarian of Congress on matters of scholarship.

Through a generous endowment from John W. Kluge, the Library of Congress established the Kluge Center in 2000 to bring together the world's best thinkers to stimulate and energize one another, to distill wisdom from the Library's rich resources, and to interact with policymakers in Washington.

Further Information: www.loc.gov/kluge/

The Latest List of Dissertations on History of Medicine and Science

The latest list of recent doctoral dissertations harvested from the August 2010 issues of Dissertation Abstracts pertaining to the history of medicine and science can be viewed at http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/histmed/dissertations/.

This list is created directly from the hard copies of Dissertation Abstracts on a bimonthly basis and is intended for interested scholars world-wide.

New Online RCPE Archive Catalogue Reveals Historical Medical Treasures

The RCPE Sibbald Library and Archive has tens of thousands of manuscripts and letters within its collections which it has previously not had the resources to catalogue. As a result of a recent ongoing project, funded by the Wellcome Trust Research Resources Scheme over 8,000 items have been catalogued in order to open up access to this material. The majority of the collections consist of lecture notes and research by some of the most eminent doctors of their day. These demonstrate developments in medical theory and practice from 1700 onwards, in one of the most important centers for medical education in the world. Some fascinating items discovered during this work include a draft post mortem report on Napoleon Bonaparte (written on St. Helena on the day he died), correspondence with the Marquis de Lafayette and notes regarding the conduct of Dr. Robert Knox (of Burke and Hare notoriety).

Further Information: http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/library/find/index.php

New reviews posted on Dissertation Reviews

New reviews posted on Dissertation Reviews (Science Studies and Medical Anthropology):

Please visit the website at www.dissertationreviews.org. To contribute a review or to have your dissertation reviewed, please e-mail dissertationreviews@gmail.com.

Call for Book Manuscript Authors and Editors

American Meteorological Society (AMS) Books publishes historical works in the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences. We seek proposals for single authored and edited volumes in two categories: (1) books that reach beyond the academy to a broad readership and (2) monographs, or detailed studies on a single specialized topic, perhaps collecting the work of several authors, and resulting in a comprehensive, lasting contribution or volume of record. Possibilities include, but are not limited to short, 50,000-60,000–word biographies, studies of transformative ideas or technologies, and other thematic approaches. All volumes are professionally produced in high quality print and electronic formats, and are marketed and distributed by the University of Chicago Press. Authors earn royalties from the AMS and may be eligible for advances.

Prospective authors will find contact information and proposal guidelines at the AMS web site, www.ametsoc.org/pubs/books_monographs/book_guidelines.pdf or may contact directly the managing editor, Sarah Jane Shangraw, sjshangraw@ametsoc.org or the historical editor Jim Fleming, jfleming@colby.edu.

Science and Society Picture Library

For those interested in using images from the Science and Society picture library in their academic talks and lectures, please feel free to get in touch with Selina Pang, Collections Coordinator at the Science Museum, who can provide larger images without the watermark. Her e-mail address is Selina.Pang@sciencemuseum.org.uk. These images are available as long as the Science Museum is aware of the use and they are not used commercially. The Science Museum fully supports individuals and academic institutions sharing their research in science, technology, engineering and medicine.

Further Information: http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/

Announcement of 2012 Winner: The James T. Cushing Memorial Prize in History and Philosophy of Physics

The John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values, along with the Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Notre Dame and the Advisory Committee of the James T. Cushing Memorial Prize in History and Philosophy of Physics are pleased to announce the awarding of the Cushing Prize for 2012 to Dr. Hilary Greaves, University of Oxford. She is being honored for her paper, "Towards a Geometrical Understanding of the CPT Theorem," published in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science in 2010. The Cushing Prize carries a $1000 award plus an invitation to deliver a lecture as part of the History and Philosophy of Science Colloquium at the University of Notre Dame.

Hilary summarizes her argument in the abstract of her paper: "The CPT theorem of quantum field theory states that any relativistic (Lorentz-invariant) quantum field theory must also be invariant under CPT, the composition of charge conjugation [C], parity reversal [P] and time reversal [T]. This paper sketches a puzzle that seems to arise when one puts the existence of this sort of theorem alongside a standard way of thinking about symmetries, according to which spacetime symmetries (at any rate) are associated with features of the spacetime structure….The paper then suggests a solution to the puzzle: it is suggested that the CPT theorem arises because temporal orientation is unlike other pieces of spacetime structure, in that one cannot represent it by a tensor field."

Hilary was nominated for the Cushing Prize by David John Baker (winner of the Cushing Prize for 2010), who describes the importance of Greaves' paper: "The 'CPT Theorem' paper constitutes a major step forward in the conceptual understanding of this foundationally important but ill-understood result in mathematical physics. The deep puzzle Greaves attempts to tackle is why (as the theorem establishes) Lorentz invariant quantum field theories must also be invariant under the combination of three discrete symmetry transformations: charge conjugation (the interchange of positive and negative charge), parity inversion (aka mirror reflection) and time reversal…. She resolves the puzzle by showing that our use of tensors to represent fields in Minkowski spacetime is the true source of CPT, because it is impossible for a Minkowski-space tensor to represent a temporal orientation." Baker lauds her overall contribution to philosophy of physics in these terms: "Greaves has been publishing first-class research in the philosophy of physics since her first year of graduate school…. It is no exaggeration to say that she is probably the most exciting researcher to earn a doctorate in the philosophy of physics within the last five years."

Hilary Greaves is Lecturer in Philosophy, Somerville College, University of Oxford. She was previously a Research Fellow in Philosophy, Merton College, Oxford, and received her PhD in Philosophy from Rutgers University (2008).

Advanced Degrees at the Editorial Institute at Boston University

The Editorial Institute at Boston University offers advanced degrees (MA and PhD) to select students who successfully prepare either editions of important writings with textual apparatus and annotations or monographs concerned with editing and textual bibliography in all disciplines, the humanities, arts, and sciences. The Institute was formed with the conviction that the textually sound, contextually annotated edition is central to the life of all disciplines. It primarily aims to promote critical awareness of editorial issues and practices and to provide training in editorial methods. The Institute is also the site of noted editorial projects, including T. S. Eliot, Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, and The Wordsworth Circle. Financial assistance and salaried appointments are available. For more information about the program, the faculty, and application, see http://www.bu.edu/editinst or e-mail to kaevans@bu.edu.

Arizona State University's Visiting Graduate Training Program

Arizona State University's visiting graduate student training program is now accepting applications for its January 2013 session. We will select a cohort of visiting graduate students to join our project for writing, editing, and digital humanities training as part of the Embryo Project, our large NSF-funded digital humanities initiative. For this training program you need not specialize in history of embryology, but in any area of history of life sciences with a willingness to find points of contact and to learn.

Visitors must be graduate students in good standing at another university (domestic or international), with funding that covers your salary and health insurance. ASU will make you a visiting scholar and provide for local housing and transportation. Students should be in residence for 8 weeks, from mid January to mid March, and may request to stay the entire semester. Office space will make it easy for students to join the dynamic group of historians and philosophers of science at the Center for Biology and Society at ASU. In addition, all participants are welcome to join the History of Biology Seminar at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, which we hold annually as part of the new ASU-MBL HPS Program (though the seminar has been taking place for over 25 years).

Overall, the Embryo Project (EP) engages and connects researchers who aim to capture and investigate the history, science, and contexts of embryology and reproductive medicine in new ways. The EP combines scholarly research with the emerging field of digital humanities and the science of informatics. The primary result is the Embryo Project Encyclopedia, an online Open Access repository that grows weekly. The repository stores encyclopedia entries and interpretive essays, plus pictures, videos, timelines, and other types of objects related to the history of embryology. Remember, participants need not specialize in history of embryology, but just have a relevant interest that will make this focus appealing. This project is part of a cluster that also includes a focus on biodiversity, and we also welcome students interested in that area.

To express interest or for more information, please contact: Jane Maienschein (maienschein@asu.edu) or Nathan Crowe (nathan.crowe@asu.edu).

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